Colorectal cancer is a pressing global health problem that affects the colon and rectum.

Essential knowledge about its signs, symptoms and treatments is essential for early detection and effective treatment.

Here we delve into the complexities of colorectal cancer to provide people with knowledge about this widespread and preventable disease.

  1. Understanding colorectal cancers
  2. Signs and symptoms
  3. Risk factor’s
  4. Diagnostic procedures
  5. Treatment approaches
  6. Advances in immunotherapy
  7. Precautionary measures
  8. Importance of early detection

BREAST, OVARIAN CANCER AND OTHER TYPES OF CANCER WITH MORE TREATMENT OPTIONS

Colorectal cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of the colon or rectum and is the third most common cancer diagnosed worldwide, according to the American Cancer Society.

It often develops from precancerous polyps and early detection can prevent its progression.

A doctor with a blue ribbon next to a model of colon cancer.

Common signs of colorectal cancer include changes in bowel habits, blood in the stool, abdominal discomfort, unintentional weight loss, and fatigue. (iStock)

Common signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer include persistent changes in bowel habits, blood in the stool, abdominal discomfort, unintentional weight loss, and fatigue.

“Sometimes the first sign of colorectal cancer is a blood test that shows a low red blood cell count,” reads the American Cancer Society.

It is essential not to dismiss these symptoms, since timely action can significantly affect the results of the treatment.

COLORECTAL CANCER IS NOW THE LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH AMONG YOUNG ADULTS WITH CANCER: NEW REPORT

Your risk of getting colorectal cancer increases as you age.

Risk factors for colorectal cancer include age, family history, personal history of colorectal polyps or inflammatory bowel disease, and lifestyle factors, such as a high-fat diet, a sedentary lifestyle, and smoking, according to the CDC. .

Colonoscopies, fecal occult blood tests, and sigmoidoscopies are among the tools used for early detection, read cancer.net.

Screening is particularly vital for people with risk factors or those age 50 and older.

colonectal cancer

Colorectal cancer often originates from precancerous polyps, emphasizing the importance of early detection. (iStock)

There are several treatments for colorectal cancer, often involving surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of them, says the National Cancer Institute.

Surgical interventions aim to remove cancerous tissue and advances in minimally invasive procedures have improved recovery times.

Recent advances in cancer research have introduced immunotherapy as a promising treatment option for some colorectal cancers.

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Immunotherapy works by harnessing the body’s immune system to attack and eliminate cancer cells, offering new hope in the fight against this disease.

“While immunotherapy has been successful in microsatellite unstable (MSI) colorectal cancers, only about 3-5% of advanced colorectal cancers are MSI and there are no approved immunotherapies for the much more common MSS colorectal cancers,” according to the Dana Farber Cancer Institute.

While not all colorectal cancers can be prevented, certain lifestyle choices can reduce the risk.

According to the National Institute of Health, adopting a high-fiber, low-fat diet, engaging in regular physical activity, avoiding excessive tobacco and alcohol use, and participating in regular screening exams contribute to a proactive approach to colorectal health.

A doctor holding a dark blue ribbon for colon cancer.

The dark blue ribbon is the symbol of colorectal cancer awareness. (iStock)

Routine screening, along with awareness of symptoms, plays a critical role in detecting the disease at a manageable stage.

Regular communication with healthcare providers ensures timely screening based on individual risk profiles.

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Understanding the signs, symptoms, risk factors, and available treatments allows people to make informed decisions about their colorectal health.

As research advances, colorectal cancer prevention and treatment evolve, offering hope for better outcomes and a brighter future in the fight against this disease.

For more lifestyle articles, visit www.foxnews.com/lifestyle.

By Sam